Legislation & Responsibilities of Local Safeguarding Children Boards (LSCBs)

The regulations relating to child death reviews

The Local Safeguarding Children Board (LSCB) functions in relation to child deaths are set out in Regulation 6 of the Local Safeguarding Children Boards Regulations 2006, made under section 14(2) of the Children Act 2004. The LSCB is responsible for:

a) collecting and analysing information about each death with a view to identifying—

(i) any case giving rise to the need for a review mentioned in regulation 5(1)(e);

(ii) any matters of concern affecting the safety and welfare of children in the area of the authority;

(iii) any wider public health or safety concerns arising from a particular death or from a pattern of deaths in that area; and

(b) putting in place procedures for ensuring that there is a coordinated response by the authority, their Board partners and other relevant persons to an unexpected death.

 

Specific responsibilities of relevant bodies in relation to child deaths

Registrars of Births and Deaths (Children and Young Persons Act 2008)

Requirement to supply the LSCB with information which they have about the death of persons under 18 they have registered or re-registered.

Notify LSCBs if they issue a 'Certificate of No Liability to Register' where it appears that the deceased was or may have been under the age of 18 atthe time of death. Requirement to send the information to the appropriate LSCB (the one which covers the sub-district in which the register is kept) no later than seven days from the date of registration.

 
Coroners and Justice Act 2009 Coroners (Investigations) Regulations 2013

Duty to investigate and may require evidence and an inquest. Coroner's duty to notify the LSCB for the area in which the child died or where the child's body was found within 3 working days of deciding to investigate a death or commission a post-mortem.

Coroner's duty to share information with relevant LSCBs. 

 

Registrar General (section 32 of the Children and Young Persons Act 2008)

Power to share child death information with the Secretary of State, including about children who die abroad.

 

Clinical Commissioning Groups (Health and Social Care Act 2012)

Employ, or have arrangements in place to secure the expertise of, consultant paediatricians whose designated responsibilities are to provide advice on: commissioning paediatric services from:

  • Paediatricians with expertise in undertaking enquiries into unexpected deaths in childhood.
  • Medical investigative services.
  • The organisation of such services.